Glossary - The Oily Story
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LIBRARY OF INGREDIENTS

Ask your yourself – how often to you turn over a bottle of shampoo or cream to look at the ingredient list? Are you just like me – confused with all the weird and hard to say ingredients that you wish you could Google to see why they are there in the first place?

 

Well – over the years, I have learned to recognize the “Red Flags” in that list. I have been able to make better choices when choosing a product that will either be on my skin, in my body or those of my children.

 

To help you figure out what to throw in your shopping cart or to leave on the shelf, here is a list of ingredients that are safe, and those to avoid (aka “Red Flags”)

 

**Of course – if you want to save time – do like me and buy all your products from Young Living and avoid the guess work all together. #momwin**

AVOID – “RED FLAGS”

Bismuth Oxychloride

Is a cosmetic colorant. A naturally occurring very heavy element found in nickel, tin and silver that’s primarily used to manufacture metal by-products. Bismuth resembles arsenic chemically, yet it is commonly found in many cosmetics.

Most of the bismuth produced in the USA is as a by-product from refining lead, tin, copper, silver and gold ores. Bismuth without refinement is not safe for use in cosmetics. To make it safe it must be refined and combined with other elements to produce bismuth oxychloride.

 

Bismuth Oxychloride is it used in makeup because it gives the makeup a silky feel, it applies well to the skin and good adhesion, which helps it stay on your skin. It feels smooth and silky when rubbed between the fingers. It is often described as a lustrous crystalline powder. It refracts light and that helps draw attention away from, and camouflage, fine lines, wrinkles and minor discolorations.

 

Effects of Bismuth Oxychloride: Many women may experience itchiness when wearing products containing bismuth, most noticeably when they sweat. This can often lead to rashes and severe acne.

 

PETA’s Caring Consumer: Pigments from animal, plant, and synthetic sources used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. Cochineal is from insects. Widely used FD&C and D&C colors are coaltar (bituminous coal) derivatives that are continuously tested on animals due to their carcinogenic properties.

Reference: https://au.nudebynature.com/the-ugly-truth-about-bismuth/

http://mineralhygienics.com/bismuth-oxychloride-the-secrets-revealed

https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/700778/BISMUTH_OXYCHLORIDE/

Butyl Pentaerithrityl HydroxyhydrOcinnamate

Is an Antioxidant. Little information is available regarding Tetradibutyl Pentaerithrityl Hydroxyhydrocinnamate.

 

Effects of : Tetradibutyl Pentaerithrityl Hydroxyhydrocinnamate: considered a low hazard ingredient by the Cosmetics Database, which only notes concerns regarding organ system toxicity,

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/tetradibutyl-pentaerithrityl-hydroxyhydrocinnamate

https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/706494/TETRADIBUTYL_PENTAERITHRITYL_HYDROXYHYDROCINNAMATE/

Carbomer

Is a term used for a series of polymers primarily made from acrylic acid. Carbomers help to distribute or suspend an insoluble solid in a liquid. They are also used to keep emulsions from separating into their oil and liquid components. Carbomers are often used to control the consistency and flow of cosmetics and personal care products and can be found in a wide variety of product types including skin, hair, nail, and makeup products.

 

If you look at an ingredient list, if you see carbomer listed you will almost always see either sodium hydroxide or triethanolamine listed as well.  These are neutralising agents used to neutralise the carbomer

 

Effects of Carbomer: Not classified as expected to be potentially toxic or harmful.

 

Reference: http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient/carbomer-0

http://colinsbeautypages.co.uk/carbomer/

https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701088/CARBOMER/

Cetearyl Alcohol

Is an emulsifier in creams and lotions. It supports the main emulsion system and gives texture to the product. In conditioners, it creates a thickening effect. It is used in cosmetics as a stabilizer to thicken an emulsion and keep it from separating.

 

Effects of Cetearyl Alcohol: is considered safe by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. If you have extra sensitive skin, consult a dermatologist for the most appropriate skin care product to use.

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701236/CETEARYL_ALCOHOL/

https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/cetyl-alcohol

Cetyl Alcohol

A fatty alcohol that’s either produced from the end products of the petroleum industry, or derived from plants (palm oil-palmityl alcohol). It comes in the form of a white, waxy solid.

 

Works as an emollient, emulsifier, thickener and carrying agent for other ingredients contained in a cosmetic solution. It keeps the oil and water parts of an emulsion from separating, and gives products good spreadability. As a thickening agent and surfactant, it helps alter the viscosity and increase the foaming capacity of non-aqueous (i.e. lotions) and aqueous solutions (i.e. shampoo). It is often misinterpreted as an “alcohol” related to ethyl or rubbing alcohol, both of which can be extremely drying to the skin.

 

Effects of cetyl alcohol: Many dermatologists recommend that individuals with sensitive/irritated skin avoid it. Many medical experts believe that cetyl alcohol, and many other fatty alcohols, have the ability to altercate the lipid bilayer of the epidermis (protective barrier) and cause allergic dermal reactions in some (see article in 1999 issue of Contact Dermatitis). There are many other medical studies supporting the potential irritation associated with this ingredient. Considering this information, it’s best that sensitive skin types perform a patch test with any product containing this ingredient, particularly anyone suffering from a skin condition such as Rosacea or Psoriasis.

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/cetyl-alcohol

Cetyl Stearate

Is a wax ester of stearic acid. Wax esters have significance in pharmaceutical and cosmetics applications and occur naturally in plants and animals. Stearate esters are used most frequently in the formulation of eye makeup, skin makeup, lipstick and skin care products.

 

Effects of Cetyl Stearate – Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs)

 

Reference: http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient/cetyl-stearate

https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/717649/CETYL_STEARATE/

Coco-Betaine

Works as a surfactant, foaming agent, viscocity increasing agent, emulsifier and conditioner. As a surfactant, it’s mostly used in bath products because it gently cleanses the skin/hair by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so that they can be rinsed off. On top of that, its pH range contributes a mild germicidal effect, which also makes it an effective, yet mild, cleansing agent for personal sanitary products.

 

Effects of sodium Coco-betaine: cause allergic reactions in some individuals

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/coco-betaine

Dimethicone (also called polymethylsiloxane)

Is a silicon-based polymer used as a lubricant and conditioning agent.

 

Effect of Dimethicone: There are several cases where consumers who have used makeup and skin care products with Dimethicone suffered from mild side effects like itching and stinging on the applied area

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/702011/DIMETHICONE/

http://www.naturalwellbeing.com/learning-center/dimethicone/

ients/cucumis-sativus/

Dye

Coloring materials that are applied as a solution and cling to whatever they are applied to (e.g., textiles, hair, wood, food)—can be used for decorative, aesthetic, and artistic purposes.

 

Effects of dye: dyes may cause eczema, rash, blistering and itching

 

Reference: https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110531092000.htm

Ethylhexylglycerin

Is a glyceryl ether used as a weak preservative and skin conditioning agent. May be used in bath products, body and hand products, cleansing products, deodorants, eye makeup, foundations, hair care products and suntan products

 

Effects of: Irritation (skin, eyes, or lungs); Organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

 

Reference : https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/702352/ETHYLHEXYLGLYCERIN/

Isopropyl Palmitate

Is the ester of isopropyl alcohol and palmitic acid (palm oil). Palm oil may be sourced from animals according to PETA. It is an emollient, moisturizer, thickening agent, and anti-static agent, it is a colorless, almost odorless liquid.

 

Effects of Isopropyl palmitate: Possible skin irritant. Can cause acne, blackheads, whiteheads and clogged pores if overused. On the hair can give it the appearance of untidiness, greasiness and unruliness.

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/703207/ISOPROPYL_PALMITATE/

http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient/isopropyl-palmitate

https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/isopropyl-palmitate

Magnesium Aluminum Silicate

Is a naturally occurring mineral derived from refined and purified clay that is used primarily as a thickener in cosmetics and beauty products. It is naturally of a flaky, white consistency and is used most often as a filler in deodorants, shaving creams and thick lotions.

 

Effects of magnesium aluminum silicate: Risk of any ingredient that contains aluminum compounds, which are known neurotoxins.

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/magnesium-aluminum-silicate

Malic Acid

Is used to adjust the acidity of cosmetics. It’s used to balance the pH levels of the skin and increase moisture retention

 

Effects of Malic Acid: Malic acid can cause skin and eye irritation. It has been shown to cause allergic reactions in some individuals

 

Reference: http://www.webmd.com/vitamins-supplements/ingredientmono-1495-malic%20acid.aspx?activeingredientid=1495&activeingredientname=malic%20acid

Mineral Oil

Is a liquid mixture of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It’s long been used as a common ingredient in lotions, creams, ointments, and cosmetics. It’s lightweight and inexpensive, and helps reduce water loss from the skin.

 

Effects of Mineral Oil: “Cosmetic grade” mineral oil, is more purified than technical grade. Studies have not linked this oil with cancer, but scientists have expressed concern about it. A 2011 study, for example, reported that contamination could be a relevant source of “mineral oil contamination.” Researchers stated, “There is strong evidence that mineral oil hydrocarbons are the greatest contaminant of the human body, amounting to approximately 1 gram per person. Possible routes of contamination include air inhalation, food intake, and dermal skin absorption.” [See reference link for study]

 

Reference: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21970597

https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/703977/MINERAL_OIL/

Parabens

Are preservatives used in a wide variety of personal care and cosmetics products to prevent the growth of microbes. They are also used as fragrance ingredients, but consumers won’t find that listed on the label. Fragrance recipes are considered trade secrets, so manufacturers are not required to disclose fragrance chemicals in the list of ingredients

Can also be listed as: Ethylparaben, butylparaben, methylparaben, propylparaben, isobutylparaben, isopropylparaben, other ingredients ending in –paraben

 

Effects of Parabens: These endocrine-disrupting chemicals can be absorbed through skin, blood and the digestive system. Parabens easily penetrate the skin and can mimic estrogen, the primary female sex hormone. They have been detected in human breast cancer tissues, suggesting a possible association between parabens in cosmetics and cancer. Parabens may also interfere with male reproductive functions. In addition, studies indicate that methylparaben applied on the skin reacts with UVB leading to increased skin aging and DNA damage.

 

Reference: http://www.safecosmetics.org/get-the-facts/chemicals-of-concern/parabens/

http://davidsuzuki.org/issues/health/science/toxics/chemicals-in-your-cosmetics—parabens/

Petrochemicals

A chemical obtained from petroleum and natural gas.

 

Effects of Petrochemicals: not found

 

Reference: Not found

Phenoxyethanol

Effects of phenoxyethanol: Eczema is a common allergic reaction to skin exposure of products containing one percent or more phenoxyethanol. Reactions only occur in the area of application and eczema subsides after avoidance of the product causing irritation. Other concerns are possible organ system toxicity (non-reproductive)

 

Reference: http://www.safecosmetics.org/get-the-facts/chemicals-of-concern/phenoxyethanol/

http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/704811/PHENOXYETHANOL/

Phthalates

Phthalates (pronounced THA-lates) are a group of chemicals that can make products (usually plastics) softer and more flexible. They are sometimes called plasticizers, but many other chemicals are also called plasticizers.

 

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) as a possible cause of cancer.

 

Effects of Phthalates: showing delayed sexual development in baby boys exposed in utero to phthalates commonly found in personal care products, including the fragrance ingredient diethyl phthalate (DEP) and the common nail polish plasticizer dibutyl phthalate (DBP) (Swan et al. 2005) found decreased testosterone levels among baby boys exposed to phthalates in their mother’s breast milk (Main et al. 2005)

 

Reference: http://www.ewg.org/skindeep/2005/08/25/phthalates/

Reference: Not found

Polysorbate 20

A surfactant and emulsifier used in cleaners and personal care products such as facial cleanser, body wash, toners, and moisturizer.

 

Effects of Polysorbate 20: endocrine disruption, organ toxicity, and irritation, and one or more animal studies show skin irritation at moderate doses

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/polysorbate-20

Sodium Benzoate

Is a salt of Benzoic Acid, found naturally in cranberries, prunes, plums, cinnamon, ripe cloves, and apples and used as a preservative in cosmetics and personal care product formulas as a fragrance ingredient, masking ingredient, anti-corrosive agent, and most frequently, as a preservative.

 

Effects of sodium benzonate: concerns regarding cancer, developmental and reproductive toxicity, and organ system toxicity, irritation and biochemical cellular changes with Sodium Benzoate as an ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products. One or more animal studies showed brain and nervous system effects at moderate doses, broad systemic effects at low doses, and in vitro tests on mammalian cells showed positive mutation results. One or more animal studies showed biochemical changes at high doses where the human health implications are not yet well understood, and animal studies showed skin irritation at high doses as well.

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/sodium-benzoate

Sodium Citrate

Is a salt of Benzoic Acid, found naturally in cranberries, prunes, plums, cinnamon, ripe cloves, and apples and used as a preservative in cosmetics and personal care product formulas as a fragrance ingredient, masking ingredient, anti-corrosive agent, and most frequently, as a preservative.

 

Effects of sodium benzonate: concerns regarding cancer, developmental and reproductive toxicity, and organ system toxicity, irritation and biochemical cellular changes with Sodium Benzoate as an ingredient in cosmetics and personal care products. One or more animal studies showed brain and nervous system effects at moderate doses, broad systemic effects at low doses, and in vitro tests on mammalian cells showed positive mutation results. One or more animal studies showed biochemical changes at high doses where the human health implications are not yet well understood, and animal studies showed skin irritation at high doses as well.

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/sodium-benzoate

Sodium Hydroxide

Is an inorganic compound used to control the pH levels or serve as a buffering agent in cosmetics and personal care products. It was historically used in the formulation of soaps, but is currently seen in a variety of formulas, including bath products, cleansing products, fragrances, foot powders, hair dyes and colors, makeup, nail products, personal cleanliness products, shampoos, shaving products, depilatories, skin care products, and suntan products, as well as chemical hair straighteners and hair wave sets.

 

Effects of Sodium Hydroxide: Considered a moderate hazard ingredient by the Cosmetics Database, which notes concerns regarding cancer, and moderate concerns regarding neurotoxicty, organ system toxicity and irritation. It is classified as “expected to be toxic or harmful.

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/706075/SODIUM_HYDROXIDE/

https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/sodium-hydroxide

Stearic Acid

Is a fatty acid found primarily in animal derivatives, (it is listed in the PETA’s Caring Consumer guide) but in vegetable fats as well. It is used in a variety of cosmetics and personal care products, as a fragrance ingredient, surfactant and emulsifier. It is also used as the base for the manufacture of other fatty acid ingredients which are used as emulsifiers, emollients and lubricants, according to CosmeticsInfo.org. It is also used as an ingredient in candles, plastics, dietary supplements, oil pastels, and for softening rubber; it is a frequent ingredient in soaps made from vegetable oil, and is used to harden the product.

 

Effects of stearic acid: Possible side effects are skin irritation, organ toxicity and neurotoxicity, also may have unwanted effects on the respiratory system, nervous system and brain.

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/706311/STEARIC_ACID/

https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/stearic-acid

Synthetic Colorants

Many are made of coal tar, (FD&C and D&C colors are coal tar derivatives) and may contain heavy metal salts like arsenic and lead that can deposit toxicity onto the skin. Synthetic colorants can be found in soaps, lotions, shave gels, toothpastes, shampoos, styling creams, face creams, toners, cleansers, bath gels, and more.

Effects of Synthetic colorants: Most manufacturers of cosmetics don’t believe there is any danger because artificial colors make up only a small amount of cosmetic formulations. These toxins and chemicals increase your risk of skin sensitivity and irritation, and are known for blocking pores and increasing the risk of acne breakouts. If they’re included in products you leave on your skin, such as moisturizers and masks, they may be absorbed into your body where they can cause additional damage.

 

Reference: https://www.annmariegianni.com/ingredient-watch-list-artificial-colors-and-dyes%E2%80%94full-of-potentially-harmful-chemicals/

https://www.forbes.com/sites/rachelhennessey/2012/08/27/living-in-color-the-potential-dangers-of-artificial-dyes/#6317e766107a

Synthetic Fragrances

Synthetic fragrances are mixtures of various chemicals that produce a desired scent.

95 percent of chemicals used in synthetic fragrances are derived from petroleum (yep, crude oil) and include benzene derivatives (carcinogenic), aldehydes, toluene, and many other known toxic chemicals linked to cancer, birth defects, central nervous system disorders and allergic reactions. A 2001 study by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) found that synthetic fragrances were often shown to contain hormone disruptors linked to abnormal cell reproduction.

One of the toxic ingredients in fragrances, by the way, is often phthalates

 

Effects of Synthetic fragrances – The fragrances in products are the pride of chemists, but for you, they can potentially cause skin irritation, headaches, dizziness, and rashes.

 

 

Reference: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015043251746;view=1up;seq=1

Talc

Talc is a naturally occurring mineral, mined from the earth, composed of magnesium, silicon, oxygen, and hydrogen. Chemically, talc is a hydrous magnesium silicate.

Talc has many uses in cosmetics and other personal care products; in food, such as rice and chewing gum; and in the manufacture of tablets. For example, it may be used to absorb moisture, to prevent caking, to make facial makeup opaque, or to improve the feel of a product.

 

Effects of talc: Published scientific literature going back to the 1960s has suggested a possible association between the use of powders containing talc and the incidence of ovarian cancer. However, these studies have not conclusively demonstrated such a link, or if such a link existed, what risk factors might be involved. Nevertheless, questions about the potential contamination of talc with asbestos have been raised since the 1970s.

 

Reference: https://www.fda.gov/cosmetics/productsingredients/ingredients/ucm293184.htm

Tetrad

Is used as a preservative in cosmetic products and also as a stabilizer in perfumes and soaps.

Tocopheryl Acetate

Is a man-made composite of vitamin E and acetic acid. This ingredient is synthesized in chemical labs and often used in skin care products because of its mild antioxidant properties, and some ability to neutralize cancer-causing free radicals. The acetate in tocopheryl acetate is largely comprised of the same mildly-corrosive acid that is found in vinegar. In most cases, the acetate is added to vitamin E to give products a longer shelf life, as the vitamin is natural preservative, and adds little benefit to active ingredients in skin products. There are a number of negative side effects related to tocopheryl acetate, however, and individuals who are considering using products with this chemical should be aware of the risks beforehand so they can make an informed decision about any skin care brands they purchase.

 

Effects of tocopheryl acetate: Tocopheryl acetate is considered a moderate hazard by the Environmental Working Group’s Cosmetics Database, which notes concerns regarding cancer, contamination of hydroquinone (an FDA-restricted whitening compound), and organ system toxicity. The CIR demonstrates strong evidence that it is a human skin toxicant, and in vitro tests on mammalian cells showed positive mutation results, linking it to cancer. A study at Tel Aviv University found that indiscriminate intake of vitamin E can cause more harm than good (source).

It has also been determined that tocopheryl acetate is a skin sensitizer that can instigate immune system responses such as itching, burning, scaling, hives, and blistering of skin (source). A 1991 study published in Contact Dermatitisfound that four cases of contact dermatitis were caused by cosmetic creams that contained tocopheryl acetate (source).

Reference: http://www.thedermreview.com/tocopheryl-acetate/

https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/tocopheryl-acetate

SAFE

Arrowroot Powder

Is an excellent alternative for talc in body powders and other beauty, cosmetic and personal care formulations. It also thickens water-based formulations

 

Effects of Arrowroot Powder: There is no known dangers or toxicity to arrowroot

 

https://www.organicfacts.net/health-benefits/other/arrowroot.html

Calendula Officinalis

Is a plant known as pot marigold, do not confuse it with other plants commonly known as marigold. In cosmetics it’s mainly used in the form of an oil extract as a skin conditioning agent, anti-inflammatory, wound healing agent and fragrance additive. It is extremely soothing and gentle enough for the most sensitive skin types, including newborn baby skin.

 

Effects of Calendula officinalis: All current research points to calendula officinalis being non-toxic and non-irritating when used in cosmetic formulations

 

Reference: http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient/calendula-officinalis-flower-extract

https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/calendula-officinalis

Camellia Oleifera

Is notable as an important source of edible oil (known as tea oil or camellia oil) obtained from its seeds. Camellia Oleifera Seed Oil is an extract of the seeds of Camellia oleifera. It can also be used in textile manufacture, soap making and as an illuminant

 

Effects of camellia oleifera: No negative effect

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701019/CAMELLIA_OLEIFERA_%28TEA-OIL_CAMELLIA%29_SEED_OIL/

Carbomer

Is a term used for a series of polymers primarily made from acrylic acid. Carbomers help to distribute or suspend an insoluble solid in a liquid. They are also used to keep emulsions from separating into their oil and liquid components. Carbomers are often used to control the consistency and flow of cosmetics and personal care products and can be found in a wide variety of product types including skin, hair, nail, and makeup products.

 

If you look at an ingredient list, if you see carbomer listed you will almost always see either sodium hydroxide or triethanolamine listed as well.  These are neutralising agents used to neutralise the carbomer

 

Effects of Carbomer: Not classified as expected to be potentially toxic or harmful.

 

Reference: http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient/carbomer-0

http://colinsbeautypages.co.uk/carbomer/

https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701088/CARBOMER/

Cetearyl Alcohol

Is an emulsifier in creams and lotions. It supports the main emulsion system and gives texture to the product. In conditioners, it creates a thickening effect. It is used in cosmetics as a stabilizer to thicken an emulsion and keep it from separating.

 

Effects of Cetearyl Alcohol: is considered safe by the Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel. If you have extra sensitive skin, consult a dermatologist for the most appropriate skin care product to use.

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701236/CETEARYL_ALCOHOL/

https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/cetyl-alcohol

Caprylyl Glycol

Is a synthetic humectant used in cosmetics and beauty products that is also secondarily used as a solvent and preservative. It is both water and oil-soluble and can have moisture-binding and antimicrobial properties.

 

Effects of caprylyl glycol: No negative effect

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/caprylyl-glycol

Coco-Betaine

Works as a surfactant, foaming agent, viscocity increasing agent, emulsifier and conditioner. As a surfactant, it’s mostly used in bath products because it gently cleanses the skin/hair by helping water to mix with oil and dirt so that they can be rinsed off. On top of that, its pH range contributes a mild germicidal effect, which also makes it an effective, yet mild, cleansing agent for personal sanitary products.

 

Effects of sodium Coco-betaine: cause allergic reactions in some individuals

 

Reference: https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/coco-betaine

Cucumis Sativus (cucumber extract)

Is the botanical name of a plant species from the cucumber family.

 

The extract of the Cucumis Sativus Fruit has anti-inflammatory qualities, including (sun)burns. Cucumis Sativus Fruit Extract can repair dry and damaged skin, and giving it a softer and smoother appearance. Can repair dry and damaged skin, and giving it a softer and smoother appearance. Another benefit is that the pH-value is identical with the human skin.

 

Effects of cucumis sativus: No negative effect

 

Reference: https://mudmasky.com/cosmetic-ingredients/cucumis-sativus/

Glycerin

(also called glycerol) – is a highly unique compound that is used to both moisturize your skin and provide anti-freeze for your car. Glycerin may be of animal or vegetable origin, therefore it is listed in the PETA’s Caring Consumer guide as a by-product of soap manufacture which typically uses animal fat.

 

Effects of Glycerin: not expected to be potentially toxic or harmful

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/702620/GLYCERIN/#

http://www.livestrong.com/article/201501-glycerin-ingredients/

Glyceryl Stearate

Acts as a lubricant on the skin’s surface, which gives the skin a soft and smooth appearance. It also slows the loss of water from the skin by forming a barrier on the skin’s surface. It is commonly used in lotions, creams, powders, skin cleansing products, makeup bases and foundations, mascara, eye shadow, eyeliner, hair conditioners and rinses, and suntan and sunscreen products.

 

Effects of Glyceryl Stearate: Generally Recognized as Safe

 

Reference: http://www.cosmeticsinfo.org/ingredient/glyceryl-stearate

https://www.truthinaging.com/ingredients/glyceryl-stearate

p-Anisic Acid

Has antiseptic properties and is used as a preservative in cosmetic products.

 

Effects of p-Anisic Acid: classified as having a low toxicity rating (EWG).

Reference : https://www.truenatural.com/glossary/entry/p-Anisic_Acid

https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/721234/P-ANISIC_ACID/

Petrochemicals

A chemical obtained from petroleum and natural gas.

 

Effects of Petrochemicals: not found

 

Reference: Not found

Red 33

Is a synthetic dye produced from petroleum or coal tar sources; this dye is FDA-approved for use in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics.

 

Effects of Red 33: no found

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/701803/D%26C_RED_33/

Tetrad

Is used as a preservative in cosmetic products and also as a stabilizer in perfumes and soaps.

Xanthan Gum

Xanthan gum is widely used as a thickening and stabilizing agent in a wide variety of food and industrial products. Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide, a sugar-based polymer produced by bacteria; it is used as a viscosity agent in personal care products and foods.

 

Effects of xanthan gum: No negative effect

 

Reference: https://www.ewg.org/skindeep/ingredient/706998/XANTHAN_GUM/